Sunday, July 19, 2009

Ethnologue: Languages of Myanmar


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Ethnologue: Languages of the world
M. Paul Lewis
ISBN-13
978-1-55671-216-6
ISBN-10
1-55671-216-2
Year of publication
2009
Pages
1248
Price: $100.00


SIL ကေန ထုတ္တဲ့ Ethnologue: Languages of the world ဆိုတဲ့ စာအုပ္ ဆယ့္ေျခာက္ျကိမ္ေျမာက္ ထြက္လာတာ ေတြ့ရပါတယ္။ နိုင္ငံတစ္နိုင္ငံခ်င္းစီရဲ့ ဘာသာစကားမ်ိုးစံုကို စနစ္တက် စုစည္းေပးထားတဲ့၊ နိုင္ငံတကာ ပညာရွင္ေတြ အားလံုး လက္ကိုင္ထားရတဲ့ စာအုပ္တစ္အုပ္လည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံမွာရွိတဲ့ တိုင္းရင္းသား ဘာသာစကားေတြ အေျကာင္းကိုလည္း ေျခေျချမစ္ျမစ္ သိရတာမို့ အလြန္ေကာင္းမြန္တဲ့ စာအုပ္တစ္အုပ္ ျဖစ္တယ္လို့ လက္တို့ခ်င္ပါတယ္။ (က်ြန္ေတာှ့ဆီမွာေတာ့ 15th Version ပဲရွိတယ္။ ဒါေတာင္ စကဿငာပူက သူငယ္ခ်င္းတစ္ေယာက္ ေက်းဇူးေျကာင့္ ရထားတာမို့ သူ့ကိုလည္း အထူးပဲ ေက်းဇူးတင္ရပါတယ္)


Features
  • 6,909 language descriptions organized by continent and country
  • 41,186 primary names, alternate names, and dialect names
  • 208 color maps showing location and distribution of languages
  • Unique three-letter identifier for each language from the International Standard ISO 639-3
  • Statistical summaries with numerical tabulations of living languages and number of speakers by continent, by language size, by language family, and by country
  • Quality 7"x10" hardbound single volume



Languages of Myanmar


Union of Myanmar, Pyeidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw. Formerly Burma. 47,967,000. Tibeto-Burman speakers: 78% of the population, Daic languages 10%, Austro-Asiatic languages 7%, Hmong-Mien languages 6,000 (1991 J. Matisoff). National or official language: Burmese. Literacy rate: 66%–78%; 79% over 15 years old (1991). Immigrant languages: Bisu, Eastern Tamang, Iu Mien, Malay (21,000), Sylheti. Also includes Chinese (1,015,000), Malay (21,000), and languages of Bangladesh and India (500,000). Information mainly from R. Burling 2003; D. Bradley 1997; B. Comrie 1987; A. Hale 1982; R. Jones 1988; F. Lebar, G. Hickey, J. Musgrave 1964; J. Matisoff, S. Baron and J. Lowe 1996. Blind population: 214,440. Deaf population: 2,684,514. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of individual languages listed for Myanmar is 113. Of those, 111 are living languages and 2 have no known speakers.

  1. Achang
  2. Akeu
  3. Akha
  4. Anal
  5. Anu
  6. Bishnupriya
  7. Blang
  8. Burmese
  9. Chak
  10. Chaungtha
  11. Chin, Asho
  12. Chin, Bawm
  13. Chin, Bualkhaw
  14. Chin, Chinbon
  15. Chin, Daai
  16. Chin, Falam
  17. Chin, Haka
  18. Chin, Khumi
  19. Chin, Khumi Awa
  20. Chin, Mara
  21. Chin, Mro
  22. Chin, Mün
  23. Chin, Ngawn
  24. Chin, Paite
  25. Chin, Senthang
  26. Chin, Siyin
  27. Chin, Tawr
  28. Chin, Tedim
  29. Chin, Thado
  30. Chin, Zotung
  31. Danau
  32. Gangte
  33. Hmong Njua
  34. Hpon
  35. Hrangkhol
  36. Intha
  37. Jingpho
  38. Kadu
  39. Karen, Brek
  40. Karen, Bwe
  41. Karen, Geba
  42. Karen, Geko
  43. Karen, Lahta
  44. Karen, Manumanaw
  45. Karen, Paku
  46. Karen, Pa’o
  47. Karen, Pwo Eastern
  48. Karen, Pwo Western
  49. Karen, S’gaw
  50. Karen, Yinbaw
  51. Karen, Yintale
  52. Karen, Zayein
  53. Kayah, Eastern
  54. Kayah, Western
  55. Kayan
  56. Khamti
  57. Khmu
  58. Khün
  59. Kiorr
  60. Lahu
  61. Lahu Shi
  62. Lama
  63. Lamkang
  64. Laopang
  65. Lashi
  66. Lhao Vo
  67. Lisu
  68. Lopi
  69. Lui
  70. Meitei
  71. Mizo
  72. Moken
  73. Mon
  74. Mru
  75. Naga, Leinong
  76. Naga, Long Phuri
  77. Naga, Makyan
  78. Naga, Para
  79. Naga, Tase
  80. Nga La
  81. Norra
  82. Nung
  83. Palaung, Ruching
  84. Palaung, Rumai
  85. Palaung, Shwe
  86. Pali
  87. Palu
  88. Pankhu
  89. Purum
  90. Pyen
  91. Rakhine
  92. Ralte
  93. Rawang
  94. Riang
  95. Rohingya
  96. Samtao
  97. Sansu
  98. Shan
  99. Tai Loi
  100. Tai Nüa
  101. Taman
  102. Taungyo
  103. Tavoyan
  104. Wa, Parauk
  105. Welaung
  106. Wewaw
  107. Yangbye
  108. Yinchia
  109. Yos
  110. Zaiwa
  111. Zo
  112. Zyphe

စာအုပ္ကို မဝယ္ေသးဘဲ ျမည္းစမ္းျကည့္ဦးမယ္ ဆိုရင္လည္း Online Version အေနနဲ့ ရွိပါတယ္။ [Link: ethnologue] စာအုပ္လို အလြယ္တကူ လွန္ေလွာလို့ မရတာကလြဲလို့ အျပည့္အစံု နီးပါးပါပဲ။ စာအုပ္မွာပါတဲ့ ေျမပံုေတြကိုေတာ့ ဝဘ္ေပါှမွာ ေတြ့ရမွာ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ တခ်ို့ ဘာသာစကား နာမည္ေတြ ဒီစာအုပ္ထဲမွာ ေတြ့ေတာ့မွ ကိုယ့္နိုင္ငံမွာ ရွိပါလားဆိုတာ သိေတာ့တယ္။ တန္ဖိုး ေဒါှလာ ၁၀၀ ဆိုတာက အနည္းငယ္ မ်ားတယ္လို့ ထင္ရေပမယ့္ ဘာသာစကားကို ဝါသနာပါတဲ့ သူေတြ အေနနဲ့ ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ နွေျမာမယ္ မထင္ပါဘူး။


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